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Kate
Cutting carbs can lower cholesterol

Last Updated: 2006-05-29 13:00:33 -0400 (Reuters Health)

By Anne Harding

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Trimming carbohydrate intake results in healthy improvements in blood fat levels, even if a person doesn't lose an ounce, a new study shows.

"These dietary fads tend to come and go," Dr. Ronald M. Krauss of Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute in Oakland, California, told Reuters Health. "In the case of low carbohydrates, people shouldn't be so quick to throw that away and move on to the next diet. Limiting carbohydrates can be beneficial even if people aren't successful at losing weight."

Scientists now believe that carbohydrates, especially simple sugars, can cause unhealthy changes in blood fats by causing fat to collect in the liver -- just as it does on one's thighs or belly. These fats eventually find their way into the bloodstream, Krauss explained. Cutting down on these fat deposits by cutting carbs reduces fat levels in the blood, and may also boost the body's ability to break down fats that do reach the bloodstream.

To investigate whether moderate reduction in carbohydrate intake might affect cholesterol levels, Krauss and his team had a group of 178 overweight men eat a standard diet including 54 percent energy intake from carbohydrates for one week.

The men were then randomly assigned to continue the same diet, or switch to a 39 percent carbohydrate diet, or a 26 percent carb diet for three weeks.

For an additional five weeks, men ate a similar diet but their calorie intakes were reduced to produce weight loss. In the final four weeks of the study, their energy intake was adjusted for weight stabilization.

Compared to the men who stayed on the standard diet, those with the lowest carb intake showed reductions in harmful triglycerides and "bad" LDL cholesterol levels. They also enjoyed an increase in the ratio of "good" HDL cholesterol to total cholesterol levels, and other improvements in their blood fat profile.

These healthy changes were seen whether or not the men were eating less saturated fat, and whether or not they lost weight.

The 54 percent carbohydrate diet resembles the normal diet many of us consume by following standard dietary recommendations, Krauss said. People can cut their carbohydrate intake to a level similar to that used in the study by "avoiding the kinds of food we don't need in our diet anyway-sugary foods, white rice, pasta, white bread," he added.

"This type of diet really needs to be done in consultation with a dietitian to get the balance that we used," Krauss emphasized. But such a diet, he noted, is much less restrictive than, for example, the Atkins' approach, and would relatively simple to follow.

SOURCE: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, May 2006.
davew
Kate,

I always like the articles you post. My personal experience doesn't match this particular study, though. Not to detract from the norms seen here, but I probably have a particularly strong heredity link to high cholesterol. My mom was running over 300 on a low fat diet, until she started drugs. She couldn't tolerate a statin, bad liver interaction. I don't know what she's doing in that respect, but her mom lived into her 90's and didn't die of cardio problems. My mom is now 82 and just this year gave up golf. She still plays bridge and goes to Florida for the winter, where she walks every day.

I hope I have her healthy genes.

Keep up the informative posts.

Dave
jheyne
yes it is. i was also planning to go a certain diet to lose weight. i will pay particulary on having more proteins. smile.gif
unsweetened
Hi Kate this is an excellent post it helps to know that im doing something to help my problem i started out with this woe to start with see i have (fatty liver) and yesterday i just got my cholesterol checked again im crossing my fingers but i just know it has to be better than it was 36 pounds ago smile.gif thank-you keep the great post comin take care Rose
Kate
Glad to know my info finds are of value! biggrin.gif
easyecm
Very good post.

I think the reason for the drop in cholesterol is secondary to that the body converts from a carb burning machine to a fat burning machine.

So if the body is using fat for energy it is not stored.

Of course, low carb diets are usually high in fat, unlike this woe.

Take care,
Ed
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